Delaying going to the toilet. Keeping your urine in your bladder for too long (holding your pee), is a bad idea. A full bladder can cause bladder damage. The urine that stays in the bladder multiplies bacteria very quickly. Once the kidneys refluxes back to the urethra and kidneys, the toxic substances can result in kidney, urinary and tract infections, which may lead to nephritis and even uraemia. So, when nature calls – do it as soon as possible.

Eating too much salt. You should be consuming no more than 5.8 grams of salt daily. This is the equivalent of a quarter teaspoon of salt.

Eating too much meat: No one is saying you should live your life as an ascetic vegan, but too much protein is harmful to your kidneys. The complexities of digesting proteins produce ammonia – a destructive toxin harmful to your kidneys. Put simply, more meat equals more kidney damage.

Drinking too much caffeine: Caffeine is the most consumed beverage on the planet. Who can start their mornings without a ‘good cup of coffee?’ unfortunately, caffeine is also found in sodas and the latest range of ‘fad’ soft drinks. This has the potential of raising both blood sugar levels and your blood pressure, so it’s advisable to manage your daily caffeine intake.

Not drinking water: Weirdly, you would think this is an obvious one, but people are inclined to substitute the consumption of plain water with other beverages. You need an average of 8 glasses of water daily to flush out your system (read kidneys). A lemony colour of your urine is the best gauge of adequate water consumption. BTW, drinking beer doesn’t count.

Late treatment: Learn to treat all health issues promptly and properly, by seeing a doctor as soon as you feel ill. Visit your local GP at least once a year and have a record of hereditary family diseases handy. Good luck and Light and Love till next time……