So let’s start with B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) a social philosopher, author and one of the most influential American psychologists. A modern behaviourist along the lines of Pavlov, he developed the theory of “Operant Conditioning” — the idea that behaviour is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or less likely that the behaviour will occur again. This is the nearest to a scientific explanation of what we often call a “self-fulfilling prophecy,” I have yet encountered.
Let me explain: You believe a person or group to be less human than you, because of your social conditioning, socialisation and brainwashing. You force them into an artificial environment that promotes their dehumanisation and oppression, which in turn cultivates distrust, resentment and hatred of you. Consequently this manufactured environment contributes to a culture of self-loathing, self-hatred and extreme suspicions towards you and people that look like you.
On contact with that person and on cue you immediately treat them as per the mental script doctored into your subconscious. In other words, you treat them as less than human, like how you would view a sub-species or a pest, your treatment borders on cruel, even torture-like in its application. Naturally, the person’s “fight or flight” defences kicks in and they display apathy, resentment and even hatred towards you because of the dual effects of their own social conditioning, your socialisation and your inhumane treatment of them. Finally, at the end of their own psychological tolerances for mistreatment and abuse, they react in the same way towards you, as your destructive, inhumane treatment of them. At that point you exclaim, “Ah, see they can’t be trusted because they hate us for no reason,” thus your prophecies of those peoples are not surprisingly fulfilled.
Operant Conditioning in my view is one of the sociopsychological cornerstones of racism and its continuing successes today, in spite of there being absolutely no scientific rationale, nor empirical evidences to confirm or validate its veracity. In simple terms, this means that a perfectly intelligent person will hold onto a silly superstition, an irrational fear or discredited thought regime and racially prejudiced beliefs, regardless of whether it is observably true or not.
Skinner once ruefully observed, “Society already possesses the psychological techniques needed to obtain the universal observance of a code, a code that would guarantee the success of a community or state. The difficulty is that these techniques are in the hands of the wrong people, or rather, there aren’t any right people?”
Prior to 1652, the year that Jan Van Riebeek landed at the Cape, a white ethnic group like the Afrikaners didn’t exist. Arguably, the Afrikaners were as much a white supremacist social construction, as the existence of a separate black ethnic group we know today as the coloured people.
Let’s look at how the a rag-tag bunch of immigrant Europeans invented a separate ethnic identity for themselves and hijacked a country bigger than Egypt that they would go on to dominate at the explicit expense of the black tribes, by providing all Afrikaners with jobs, with some explicitly enabled to amass huge, generational fortunes in the process. The Afrikaners are the largest white ethnic group in Africa. They are descendants of the mainly 17th century Dutch, German and French settlers in South Africa.
These are the Formative Events that led us to today:
But it was the arrival of the French-Huguenots, a persecuted minority Protestant group who fled France after the Edict of Fontainebleau, otherwise known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (22nd October 1685) which would eventually give the pursuit of a separate ethnic identity a massive impetus that is still felt today. The Huguenots were provided passage to South Africa and encouraged to farm in the Western Cape area. They were given assistance with homes, loans for land and farming equipment by the DEIC, the Dutch East India Company. Put in perspective, the DEIC or better the VOC was the world’s first multinational company, listed on the first modern-day Stock Exchange which acted on behalf of the Dutch government. It was a terrifying the precursor to today’s corporate empire, employing more than 100 000 employees worldwide, could own colonies, negotiate its own contracts and boasted its own private army and naval fleet. Adjusted for inflation in today’s terms, it would be worth an estimated 7.5 Trillion dollars, which makes it more valuable than Apple several times over.
The much persecuted and battle-hardened French-Huguenots brought a rigid Calvinistic zeal (still evident today), a white ethnic chauvinism and a thuggish nationalist spirit to South Africa. In pursuit of their adoption of their new country, they would willingly lose their own language, traditions and culture in the process of complete integration into their new home, South Africa.
At the Treaty of Vereeniging (it actually took place outside of Pretoria), at the close of the second Anglo-Boer war in 1902, the Afrikaner generals Christiaan De Wet, Louis Botha, Jan Smuts and Koos De La Rey won a semi-autonomy for the Free State and Transvaal, the right to private property, the right to own guns and more importantly compensation for the war, but lost the newly discovered goldfields of the Witwatersrand. But it was the compensation provided by Lord Kitchener who initially committed to paying 3 million pounds, but ended up paying 16 million pounds that provided the Afrikaner farming communities with a massive financial boost they needed and is still felt today. Adjusted for inflation and at a mean exchange rate, with the presumption of 6% average Dow Jones ROI works out to a staggering R8.5 billion rands? Kitchener also provided the Afrikaner farmers with farming implements, stock, feed and seeds and even veterinary services. Imagine that black people were awarded a similar amount in Apartheid reparations and the theft of their lands?
There is no doubt by most scholars of history that the Carnegie Institute Study of the poor white problem in the 1930’s in South Africa, and the findings by the researchers helped lay the blueprint for Apartheid. According to one memorandum sent to Frederick Keppel, then president of Carnegie, there was “little doubt that if the natives (black and brown people), were given full economic opportunity, the more competent among them would soon outstrip the less competent whites”
The Carnegie Report results would eventually be translated into Job Reservation for white people, and thus white privilege was institutionalised through economic Apartheid legislation. The Mine and Workers Act No 12 of 1911, the Minimum Wages Act of 1925, the Mines and Works Act of 1926, the Bantu Building Workers Act No 27 of 1951, the Industrial Conciliation Amendment Act of 1956,
It was the creation of Jong Zuid Afrika, (Young South Africa), which became the Afrikaner Broederbond (Afrikaner Brotherhood), in 1920, a shadowy, secretive, fascist, chauvinist, white supremacist group, with the sole aim of achieving Afrikaner dominion over South Africa. In other words, it was the Afrikaner that invented “The Deep State”, in a word, the power behind the powerful. It had the single most profound effect on Afrikaner identity, Afrikaner nationalism, Afrikaner solidarity, Afrikaner social, political, commercial influence and eventually culminating in the Afrikaner win in the 1948 general election. The creation of a literal organisation, a company of astute, committed and influential Afrikaners.
This event in 1920 marked the invention of a South African Mafia like organisation, the Afrikaner Broederbond with the same goals and purposes as was the creation of the 19th century Italian Mafia, La Cosa Nostra whose sole aim was the eventual ownership, control and domination of the South African nation state for the accumulation of power and legislated access to all its resources.
The election victory of 1948 was an important milestone for the Afrikaner, in that they could immediately fulfil the aims, ambitions and objectives of the Broederbond and define their own destiny, because for the very first time in their history, they now owned a country.
One has to ask the question, why the Afrikaner chose the ideology of white supremacy? Firstly, they believed themselves to be the “Israelites” of Africa, surrounded by the Philistines on all sides as it were. The ideology of white supremacy facilitated the acquisition of hegemonic power, theft of natural resources and property on an unimaginable scale. Since time immemorial, all ruling classes had an ideology that they used on the masses. Typically, the neocons in Washington and the global power elite use neoliberalism as their ideology. In addition, being the only white ruled country outside of America, Europe and Oceana, no white Western government would interfere with their treatment of the natives because of institutionalised and systemic globalised white supremacy.
Their 1948 victory gave them access to the levers of government law making, so they went about reinventing South Africa into their own image and likeness enacting the most comprehensive body of more than 2000 explicitly racist laws, statutes and ordinances that promoted white over black in all areas of human endeavours, turning South Africa into the most perfect system of white supremacy and racism the world has ever known. So complete were their imprimatur on the South African landscape that every small town in South Africa has a Voortrekker Street, lionising the early Voortrekkers valiant struggles to arrive in the “promised land.” The country is so replete with Afrikaner symbolism; it’ll take decades to remove them.
The oft ignored fact is that victory in 1948, importantly gave them access to the country’s Central Bank situated in Pretoria, the South African Reserve Bank and this meant they could for the first time print their own money as they wished. Start their own banks, issue government bonds and treasury bills, guaranteeing it through the Central bank, round tripping it through the National Treasury and thus have the power to create their own wealth. This FACT should not be ignored, as it provides any government with both the power to create money, but is also automatically backed by big business or the corporate elite, because they purchase government bonds and treasury bills, thus giving it, its legitimacy. This simply means that they can stay in power for an interminable period if they so wished, and goodness did they try?
List of the banks created and funded during white rule in South Africa:
Trust Bank, United Building Society, Volkskas Bank Group, Boland Bank, Allied Bank, Senbank, Bankfin. These banks have merged in 1991, and now operate as a new banking consortium. Known as ABSA Ltd, Amalgamated Banks of South Africa, a billion dollar banking enterprise that operates in more than a dozen African countries, and is partially owned (20%) by the English Barclays Bank PLC.
An equally important order of business post their election victory of 1948, was to threaten the English business elite with nationalisation, who quickly relented and offered a substantial portion of Anglo-America at below market value to appease the new Political Mandarins in Pretoria. Heavy government backing saw the organisation over the following decades turn into the second largest resource multinational on the planet, BHP Billiton, simultaneously listed in Sydney, London, New York and Johannesburg, is worth an estimated $70 billion today.
Part of the Afrikaners strategy was employment for all its members, and they knew that any government is always the largest employer, so they went about creating more than 2 dozen billion dollar State Owned Enterprises, Iscor, Land Bank of South Africa, Development Bank of South Africa, Telkom, IDC, Armscor, Sasol Ltd, Transnet, SAA, Alexcor are just a few examples, but it provided skills development, guaranteed long-term employment, and contributed to rapidly growing the Afrikaner middle-class. No more will they experience the deprivations and humiliations of the 1930’s, because they now had the single most important weapon in their hands. They controlled the levers of economic power.
Contrary to their most earnest protestations, by the time the TRC, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, one would’ve thought that not one financial institution supported the regime? But of course, the opposite is true, historically; all big business operates symbiotically within a tyrannical environment. For example, notwithstanding the Cold-War, most of Europe, and indeed its NATO members, purchased their gas from the old Soviet Union, in addition, Rolls Royce of England had no problem supplying the Russians with both jet engines and the technologies for their long range bombers. Evidently business is business? Today, Russian gas accounts for roughly 50% of European imports in spite of the Russophobic narrative pushed by the mainstream media.
The outstanding legacy of Apartheid as at today:
A new report from the World Bank finds that the top 1 percent of South Africans own 70.9 percent of the nation’s wealth. The bottom 60 percent of South Africans collectively control only 7 percent of the country’s assets – 2018
White people still earn 6-times more for the same work than a similarly qualified black person today, in the 1960’s the ratio was 13:1.
67% of the landmass in South Africa is still owned by white capital, whether privately, through corporations or trusts, or a complex network of cleverly disguised offshore entities.
According to a government land audit based on deeds office data released in February 2018, SA has 419,005 farms at an average of 264 hectares each.
A CIPC report of 2018, the Companies and Intellectual Properties Commission indicates that South Africa has a total of 16.2 million company registrations, (registrations of all types of juristic entities) trademarks, patents, registrations and copyrights
As of July 2019, there are approximately 4500 companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, with a total market capitalisation in excess of $1.2 Trillion or just over R15 Trillion.
It is estimated that more than R3 Trillion was funnelled into offshore accounts after the collapse of the Financial Rand, a clever financial instrument that allowed well connected white businessmen to make a quick profit through the practice of round tripping. Using normal rands to purchase Financial Rands, and then waiting for a favourable exchange rate in order to reverse the transaction and turn a profit.
A National Empowerment Fund Report (NEF) of 2015 estimates that 93% of the shares on the JSE, Johannesburg Stock Exchange are still owned by white people or white controlled corporations and institutions.
So let’s look at the psychosocial and therefore the psychohistorical manipulation of the ordinary Afrikaner folk:
It must be noted that history is replete with the manipulation by the political, intellectual and corporate elite of the ordinary people through symbolism, a common culture narrative, an appeal to tribal chauvinism, false beliefs in exceptionalism, manufactured histories and the divine destiny trope, often eloquently appropriated from the Bible. Hitler, the Nazis and of course the Americans are of course the most recent examples of this damaging pathology.
Here are a few examples:
Battle of Bloodriver 16th December 1838, defeated about 30 000 Zulu warriors, by their own account. It took the superior firepower of the British Army more than 40-years later to defeat the Zulus, but not before the Zulu inflicted a crushing blow on them in the Battle of Rourke’s Drift on the 22nd January 1879. An achievement the Afrikaners were unable to match in two bitter conflicts with the British….
On their beloved Afrikaans:
First developed by the Khoi as a means to communicate across cultures with seafarers in 1595, by 1860, the Cape Malay community of the Bo-Kaap established the first Afrikaans school, and in 1866, Arnoldus Pannevis, a Dutch teacher from Paarl realised that it was far removed from Dutch and called it Afrikaans for the first time. In essence, Afrikaans is a creole language of Dutch, Arabic, Cape Malay, English, German, Khoi and African languages appropriated by the Afrikaner in 1875, in Paarl, when they started the GRA (Genootskap van Regter Afrikaners), (Society of Real Afrikaners) newspaper, followed by “Die Patriot”, (The Patriot) newspaper in 1876, that was to claim Afrikaans as “die Burgher Afrikaans”, the (Citizens Afrikaans) and set out its own lexicography, syntax, morphology and language rules. So at best they admittedly contributed to the expansion and growth of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction, but it wasn’t their creation at all.
On Boerekos: well actually coloured/Malay cuisine because white women were the primary estate holders, (read Madams), and coloured women were employed both as cooks and supervisors of the household, but also as so-called, secondary wives often doubling as wet nurses for the Madams young children.
On Boerewors and Biltong: it was in fact the English that first introduced sausage into South Africa and beef jerky for their troops
On their obsession with Rugby: the sport wasn’t by any means invented by the Afrikaner but by the English, but they claim it as their own?
On the Great Trek: contrary to historical belief, many were criminals, delinquents running away from debts, husbands abandoning their wives and children, and seeking a better life elsewhere, in other words, not all were these valiant, brave pathfinders and trailblazers as is often depicted in South African history books.
On the Anglo-Boer Wars: these wars, and its atrocities committed against the Afrikaner people were cynically used by the Afrikaner establishment to generate a sense of unity and purpose among the ordinary Afrikaner, even though only 36 000 were killed in active duty and roughly about a 100 000 perished in the concentration camps.
Juxtapose this with the deaths of scores of black and coloured people in the same wars, and later, the “slow-motion” genocide against the black citizens of South Africa before and during Apartheid, a system of white supremacy and racism later defined by the United Nations in 1973 as “Crimes against Humanity.”
At the turn of the 19th century, the most successful farmers were in fact black and coloured people, but it was the Lands Act of 1913, that put paid to their skills, ambitions and indeed their land. The fact is that the Afrikaner farmers have a rich history of being subsidised by the National Party government because of their historical allegiance to the party and their value and reliability as a faithful voting bloc, and as late as 1991/92 received R3.5 billion in soft loans from the outgoing De Klerk regime. Only 5% of today’s farms are commercially viable and/or profitable as businesses.
This leaves the outstanding metaphysical question, or shall we say, existential reality of how a small group of immigrants from Europe, who became African by their own choices, experienced persecution, alienation by the British and the utter devastation and atrocities of wars and the brutality of their concentration camps, that clearly left an indelible mental scar on their psyche, could willingly subject their fellow black people, the indigenous peoples of South Africa to the same unearned and undeserved punishment and the bigger systemic atrocities of Apartheid? A system that together with the explicit consent and active participation of mainstream media cleverly hid the brutalisation of millions from the world and negatively affected us in all areas of human development and normal endeavours?
Lev Vygotsky, (1896-1934), a leading Soviet psychologist, developed a theory of cognitive development better known as the “Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development” in the early twentieth century.
There is a link between communication and internal thought processes
The Principles of Vygotsky’s Theory:
MKO, More Knowledgeable Other MKO More Knowledgeable other or an outside agent for change in perception and therefore an increase in cognitive ability
ZPD, Zone of Proximal Development
Can’t Do………………………………………….Zone of Proximal Development……………………..…………Can Do
Language, is one of man’s greatest tools for cognitive development and not just for communication
Today, South Africa is still haunted by the spectre of Apartheid’s legacies, the denialism by the Afrikaner volk and their ingrained resistance for the call of a national apology and a program of fair financial reparations and the just restitution of land for what is essentially, a heinous system of crimes, which included state sanctioned larceny perpetrated against an innocent people? In the words of the United Nations in 1973, a Crime against Humanity. In my words, at once indistinguishable from all out genocide.